What is an organism?
An organism generally refers to a single or individual living species, which exhibits all the properties of life. These can be a plant, animal, bird, insect and even a microbe.
There are billions to trillions of different types of organisms living on our planet Earth. Based on the different criteria all these organisms are classified into different groups. Every type of species of the organism varies from one another.
Let us have detailed information about the different types of organisms.
An organism that produces its own food with the help of raw materials is called the producers. All green plants and algae, which synthesize their food through the biological process called photosynthesis are examples of producers. These producers serve as the foundation for all food chains.
An organism which completely depends on plants or other animals for their food is called the Consumers. All carnivores, omnivores, and herbivores are examples of Consumers
An organism which only feeds on grass, herbs, leaves, fruits and other parts of plants are called the Herbivores. Elephant, deer, giraffe, monkey, and rhinoceros are examples of Herbivores.
An organism which feeds on the flesh of the other animals is called the Carnivores. These animals eat only by hunting and killing other animals. Tiger, lion, cheetah, leopard are the examples of Carnivores.
An organism which feeds on both plants and animals are called the Omnivores. Bears, raccoons, crows are examples of Omnivores.
An organism that feeds on dead and decaying biomass is called the scavengers. They play an important role in our ecosystem by keeping the environment clean by consuming dead animal and plant material. Vulture, raccoon, crow, fox are examples of scavengers.
An organism that completely depends on its host for their survival is called the Parasites. These organisms live within or on the body of an individual, obtain their food and cause harm to the host cells. Tapeworms and fleas are examples of parasites
An organism which hunts and kills their prey for their food is called the Predators. All wild animals are examples of Predators. Lion hunts for deer and zebra, fox hunts for rabbits, etc.
An organism which feeds by breaking down the dead and decaying organic matter. Fungi and a few worms are examples of Decomposers.
Our Planet Earth is home to millions and billion living organisms and all are interconnected with each other in some of the other ways. The natural interconnections between various organisms are given by the food web examples. It is the ecology network, which represents the flow of energy and nutrients from one organism to another.
These are a few information related to the different types of organisms. For more information regarding the organisms, their types, significance, and other related topics, students can visit us at BYJU’S Biology. Learn more by watching interactive online video teachings on various Biology topics by subscribing to the BYJU’S YouTube Channel.